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Archive For Entries On Charter

Who’s Social Contract? Voting Rights for Non-Residents at Issue in Frank v Canada

With the upcoming federal election scheduled for October 19, 2015, the case of Frank v Canada, 2015 ONCA 356 is particularly timely. Unfortunately, the case will not be resolved in time to allow the respondents in the case and other non-resident Canadians who have lived outside of Canada for more than five years the right […]

R v Crevier: Police Informants and the Balancing Act of Challenging Warrants

Police representatives often speak about the difficulties of soliciting information from the public about crimes that have taken place. Fear and a “don’t snitch” culture are common explanations for why this problem exists. In 2009, Kenneth Mark was gunned down after testifying as a witness in an attempted murder trial. His tragic story is a […]

Minority Language Education Entitlements & The Meaning of Substantive Equality under Section 23 of the Charter

Ass’n des parents de l’école Rose-des-vents v. British Columbia, 2015 SCC 21 [Rose-des vents] opens up a new series of questions surrounding minority language education rights guaranteed under Section 23 of the Charter. Section 23 guarantees minority language rights holders the right to have their children receive primary and secondary school instruction in English or French, giving effect to the […]

Guindon v Canada: It’s just a fine

Why We Should Be Suspicious of Timeshares Julie Guindon is the family and estate lawyer at the heart of Guindon v Canada, 2015 SCC 41 [Guindon] in which the Supreme Court of Canada (“SCC”) confirmed that penalties under s.163.2 of the Income Tax Act, RSC 1985, c 1 (5th Supp) [ITA] are not criminal in […]

A Reluctant Justification: R v Michaud Uses Bedford Approach to Justify Section 7 Infringement

In R v Michaud, 2015 ONCA 585 [Michaud], the Court of Appeal for Ontario (“ONCA”) reluctantly followed the precedent set in Canada v Bedford, [2013] 3 SCR 1101 [Bedford]. Justice Lauwers of the ONCA found that a highway speed regulation did infringe section 7 of the Charter, but found it to be justified under section […]

Face-Coverings and the Canadian Citizenship Oath: The Federal Court of Appeal Decides Ishaq v Canada

Few legal disputes have the potential of being as deeply divisive and politically polarizing as Canada v Ishaq, 2015 FCA 194 [Ishaq Appeal]. In addition to its potential cultural, social, political, and religious implications, this case underscores the tension between fair, democratically enacted legislation, and fundamental freedoms protected in the Charter. Although the Federal Court […]

A Turn in Tide: Carter versus Rodriguez

Some months ago, the Supreme Court of Canada’s (“SCC”) ruling in Carter v Canada (Attorney General), [2015] 1 SCR 331 [Carter] made national headlines. Although all decisions of the SCC are important, this one seemed to strike a nerve or two on both sides of the playing field. In this case, as described in more detail here […]

A Web of Instinct: Kahkewistahaw First Nation v Taypotat

Kahkewistahaw First Nation v Taypotat, 2015 SCC 30, is the Supreme Court of Canada’s (“SCC”) most recent decision on equality. Coming in at a brief 35 paragraphs, this decision does not alter the law of section 15 of the Charter in any substantial way. Using the test laid out in Quebec v A, [2013] 1 SCR 61, Justice Abella […]

The BC Government vs. Freedom of Association in British Columbia Teachers’ Federation v British Columbia

Much has changed this year with the Supreme Court of Canada’s (“SCC”) new “labour trilogy” of Mounted Police Association of Ontario v Canada (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 1 [Mounted Police], Meredith v Canada (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 2, and Saskatchewan Federation of Labour v Saskatchewan, 2015 SCC 4 [Saskatchewan]. These cases help define the scope […]

Strategizing in the Shadow of Precedent: Another look at Henry v British Columbia

An earlier post provided a summary of Henry v British Columbia, 2015 SCC 24 [Henry]. Unanimously overturning a decision of the British Columbia Court of Appeal (“BCCA”), the Supreme Court of Canada (“SCC”), held that the plaintiff, who was wrongfully convicted and consequently spent twenty seven years in prison for crimes he did not commit, […]