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Archive For Entries On Charter

R v Lloyd: BC Court of Appeal Declines to Declare Minimum Sentencing Legislation Invalid

At issue in R v Lloyd, 2014 BCCA 224 was whether section 5(3)(a)(i)(D) of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, SC 1996, c 19 [CDSA] amounted to cruel and unusual punishment under section 12 of the Charter. Section 5(3)(a)(i) of the CDSA contemplates certain conditions whereby a sentencing judge must impose a mandatory minimum sentence […] Update: Sentencing for the Murder of Officer Garrett Styles

Sentence Handed Down Recently, published an analysis of how the court might rule in the case of R v SK. On November 16, 2015, Superior Court Justice Alex Sosna rendered his sentence for the now 19-year old man who was convicted for the first-degree murder of York Regional Police Officer Garrett Styles. Justice Sosna […]

Approaching Minority Language Educational Rights Differently: Association des parents de l’école Rose-des-vents v British Columbia (Education)

The case Association des parents de l’école Rose-des-vents v British Columbia (Education), 2015 SCC 21 [Rose-des-Vents] represents an interesting example of a new generation of issues related to minority language educational rights that Canadian courts are brought to resolve on the basis of s.23 of the Charter. This provision is “designed to correct and prevent […]

Breaking New ‘Tertiary’ Ground? Marco Muzzo in the Shadow of St. Cloud

By now we have all heard the story of three children and their grandfather killed in a car accident in Vaughan, ON on September 27th due to the actions of an alleged drunk driver. The heart wrenching public statements made by a father who must bury all of his children and a mother who lost both […]

R v Smith: Removing Arbitrariness in the Regulation of Medical Marihuana

Introduction The regulation of medical marihuana has been a hot topic for quite some time now. More recently, the issue of how much regulation should be required went up to the Supreme Court of Canada (“SCC”) in R v Smith, [2015] 1 SCR 34 [Smith] this past June. In Smith, the SCC lightened the restrictions on […]

Defining the Homeless’s Shelter Rights in Public Spaces: Abbotsford v Shantz

The Supreme Court of British Columbia (“BCSC”) recently released the long-awaited ruling in Abbotsford v Shantz, 2015 BCSC 1909 [Abbotsford]. Abbotsford heard both the action by the City of Abbotsford (“the City”) and the action by BC/Yukon Association of Drug War Survivors (“DWS”). The City sought a permanent injunction against the erection of shelters in […]

Canada (Attorney General) v Cold Lake First Nations: Transparency is Not a Top-Down Approach

First Nations and the Harper Government First Nations in Canada have reason to be hopeful in light of national and legal developments this past week. In the federal election on 19 October 2015, some First Nations communities saw their voter turnout increase by as much as 270%. This increase in turnout happened despite the Conservative […]

BC’s Latest Scheme to Deter Drinking and Driving Largely Upheld in Goodwin

For decades, provincial and federal governments have enacted schemes aimed at reducing fatalities related to impaired driving. British Columbia’s latest attempt to curb impaired driving was predominantly upheld in Goodwin v British Columbia (Superintendent of Motor Vehicles) 2015 SCC 46 [Goodwin] and its companion case, Wilson v British Columbia (Superintendent of Motor Vehicles), 2015 SCC […]

Whose Social Contract? Voting Rights for Non-Residents at Issue in Frank v Canada

With the upcoming federal election scheduled for October 19, 2015, the case of Frank v Canada, 2015 ONCA 536 is particularly timely. Unfortunately, the case will not be resolved in time to allow the respondents in the case and other non-resident Canadians who have lived outside of Canada for more than five years the right […]

R v Crevier: Police Informants and the Balancing Act of Challenging Warrants

Police representatives often speak about the difficulties of soliciting information from the public about crimes that have taken place. Fear and a “don’t snitch” culture are common explanations for why this problem exists. In 2009, Kenneth Mark was gunned down after testifying as a witness in an attempted murder trial. His tragic story is a […]